What is LPG?
LPG stands for Liquified Petroleum Gas. The composition of LPG is Hydrogen and Carbon, also known as Hydrocarbons. Specifically, LPG consists of a combination of Propane (C3H8 ), and Butane ( C4H10).
LPG can be obtained as a co-product of refining of crude oil at refineries, or extracted from streams of natural gas from oil and gas fields. Propane and Butane are both gases in ambient conditions but can be liquified under modest pressure and temperature conditions. Furthermore, LPG can safely and easily be stored at room temperature.
Benefits of LPG
– LPG is a very clean burning fuel, with lower greenhouse gas emissions than any other fossil fuel when measured on a total fuel cycle, and is thus considered an environment friendly fuel source. It is also non-toxic and will not contaminate soil or aquifiers in the event of a leak.
– The energy content and calorific value per unit of LPG is higher than many other commonly used fuels, including coal, natural gas, diesel, petrol, fuel oils, and biomass-derived alcohols.
– Due to its versatile nature, LPG is used in more than a thousand applications, from cooking, heating, air conditioning, and automobiles, to aerosol propellant and foam manufacturing. It is also used to create SNG or Synthetic Natural Gas.
– Transportation and storage of LPG is relatively easy, and it can be used virtually anywhere. It does not require a fixed network and will not deteriorate over time.
– LPG is easily interchangable with natural gas and thus a good backup fuel for the industry in times of natrual gas shortages. When used as SNG, it does not need any changes in pipeline network or sizes, and provides the convenience of switching between natural gas and LPG without modifying appliances.